Dating and socio economic status
The largest is the Treska, which is 130 kilometres (81 miles) long.It crosses the Matka Canyon before reaching the Vardar on the western extremity of the City of Skopje.It was known in the Roman period under the name Scupi.The territory of Skopje has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC; remains of Neolithic settlements have been found within the old Kale Fortress that overlooks the modern city centre.
Skopje is located on the upper course of the Vardar River, and is located on a major north-south Balkan route between Belgrade and Athens.
These ranges limit the urban expansion of Skopje, which spreads along the Vardar and the Serava, a small river which comes from the North.
In its administrative boundaries, the City of Skopje stretches for more than 33 kilometres (21 miles), Skopje, in its administrative limits, encompasses many villages and other settlements, including Dračevo, Gorno Nerezi and Bardovci.
According to the last official count from 2002, Skopje has a population of 506,926 inhabitants; according to more recent unofficial estimates, the city has a population of 502,700 inhabitants.
Skopje is located in the north of the Republic of Macedonia, in the center of the Balkan peninsula, and halfway between Belgrade and Athens.
The Skopje valley is bordered on the West by the Šar Mountains, on the South by the Jakupica range, on the East by hills belonging to the Osogovo range, and on the North by the Skopska Crna Gora.